Determine your down payment | Consumer Financial Protection Bureau

Watch our short video recording to learn what to consider when choosing how much to put down

What to do now

Determine how much money you are able to spend upfront on your home purchase

  • Gather your savings and investment statements and add up your total available funds.
  • Decide how much you want to set aside for other savings goals, moving costs, and any renovations for your new home. Subtract these amounts.
  • Now, subtract an additional amount for an emergency cushion. A good rule of thumb is at least three to six months’ worth of expenses.
  • The result is your maximum available cash for closing – how much you can contribute out of pocket at the time you close on your loan.

Estimate your costs to “close”

In addition to your down requital, there are many costs associated with “ close ” or finalizing your loanword and family buy. conclusion costs depend on a set of things – the price of the base you buy, your down payment come, the lender costs, the kind of lend you choose, and the location of your modern base. Since you ’ re still early on in the process, it ’ second intemperate to make a precise appraisal at this stage.

  • You can make a rough estimate now, using a home price that is typical for the neighborhoods you’d like to live in. Come back and refine your estimate as you move forward and gather more information.
  • Typically, closing costs (not including your down payment) range from 2-5% of the home purchase price.

Determine your down payment

Subtract your close costs estimate from your available cash for close to determine your maximal down payment .

What to know

Set aside some money to cover initial home expense

New homeowners much find things that need fixing, or detect that they need an extra piece of furniture to make the fresh home knead for their kin. Moving expenses and utility set-up fees can besides add up. When thinking about how a lot you can afford for a down payment, make certain to set digression some money to cover these expenses.

Your down payment amount affects the type of loan you can get, your interest rate, and your loan costs

In general, the higher your down payment, the less your loanword is probably to cost .

  • In most cases, you need a down payment of at least 3 percent of your target home price. Many loan types and lenders require 5 percent down or more.
  • You can often save money if you put down at least 10 percent of the home price, and you’ll save the most if you put down at least 20 percent.
  • When lenders decide the interest rate and loan costs to offer you, they typically look at your down payment in increments of 5 percent. There are usually no savings for putting down “almost” the required amount. For example, if you have enough saved for a down payment of, say, 8 percent of your target home price, think about whether you could save up a little more before buying, or choose a slightly cheaper home, so you can hit the 10 percent mark. If you’re unsure about what to do, consider talking to a HUD-certified housing counselor.

Low- or no-down payment options may be available to you

  • There are special programs for veterans and service members, rural residents, some types of first-time homebuyers, and others. A housing counselor may be familiar with local programs in your area.
  • Individual lenders may also offer their own low- or no-down payment options.
  • Low-down payment options usually come at increased cost. When you meet with lenders, ask questions and ask to see multiple choices.

Putting money into your home means it’s not available for other things

When deciding how much money to put down, keep in mind that once you put money into your home, it ’ s not easy to get it back out again. If you need the money for another major expense, like paying for college or medical expenses, you may find that there is no way for you to access this money. While home equity loans or lines of recognition allow homeowners to borrow against their equity, you normally need to have owned your base for several years and built up meaning fairness in order to qualify. Borrowing against your equity besides isn ’ t spare – you pay interest on the loanword .

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