Roth IRA Contributions and Your Tax Return | Ed Slott and Company, LLC

By Sarah Brenner, JD
Director of Retirement Education
Follow Us on Twitter: @theslottreport

Have you contributed to a Roth IRA for 2020 ? If you have not, you distillery have some time. The deadline for making a anterior class contribution is the tax-filing deadline, not including any extensions you might have. For 2020, that deadline is April 15, 2021.

If you have made a Roth IRA contribution for 2020, or are calm planning to make one, you may be wondering how these contributions will be handled on your federal income tax return. The answer may surprise you. Roth IRA contributions are NOT reported on your tax return key. You can spend hours looking at Form 1040 and its instructions deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as all the other schedules and forms that go along with it and you will not find a place to report Roth contributions on the tax rejoinder. There is a plaza to report deductible contributions to Traditional IRAs and a set to report nondeductible Traditional IRA contributions ampere well. Conversions from Traditional IRAs to Roth IRA besides need to be reported on the tax revert. But there is no place for reporting Roth IRA contributions.

While you do not need to report Roth IRA contributions on your reappearance, it is authoritative to understand that the IRA custodian will be reporting these contributions to the IRS on Form 5498. You will get a transcript of this imprint for your own information, but you do not need to file it with your federal income tax render.

even though you do not need to report your Roth IRA contributions on your tax return, you should still keep track of them. This information is significant if you take distributions. Your Roth IRA contributions are constantly available to you both tax and penalty complimentary. These funds are considered to be the first funds distributed from your Roth IRA. once your contributions are all gone, then converted funds are distributed and then earnings. If you take a distribution of convert funds from your Roth IRA, there may be penalties that apply. A distribution of Roth IRA earnings can be both taxable and subject to penalty if a Roth distribution is not qualified.

By tracking your Roth IRA contributions, you can limit your Roth distributions to the amount of your tax-year contributions and thereby ensure that they are always both tax and penalty-free. Of course, the best go is to avoid taking any distributions at all from your Roth IRA until you reach retirement age. If you wait and take qualify distributions, then not just your contributions but everything else in your Roth IRA, including years of earnings, will be tax-and penalty-free. And that, after all, is the goal of saving with a Roth IRA.

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