How often you have to charge your electric car will depend upon where you live, how far you drive on a daily basis, and what type of electric vehicle you have chosen. Electric car battery ranges are 153-miles to the Tesla Roadster with a 620-mile range.
If you are one of the thousands of people who are looking to save money and leave a smaller carbon footprint, continue reading for more information about electric cars and how frequently you need to charge them .
The Four Categories of Electric Vehicles
There are three types of electric vehicles ( EV ). All three will be discussed ; however, the one we will be focusing on in this article is the BEV interpretation.
The first character of electric vehicle is a Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV). A battery-electric vehicle is in full rechargeable and has no accelerator engine. The motive and accessories all run off of the battery. There are no harmful emissions like traditional gasoline vehicles. That said, these types of electric vehicles can only be charged by an external ability informant .
Unlike the amply electric version, the traditional Hybrid Electric Vehicle ( HEV ) uses a combination of gasoline and a regenerative brake system, which allows the vehicle to charge while you are driving it. The regenerative brake system is activated when the brakes are being used. No external power source is necessary with this type of fomite .
The third type of electric vehicle is the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). circuit board hybrid electric vehicles still trust chiefly on the charge from an external source, but the regenerative brake system will keep the battery topped off while you are driving, which reduces the number of times you will need to charge it .
Another difference between the circuit board hybrid and traditional hybrid electrical vehicle is that a traditional hybrid electric vehicle runs and charges as the gasoline and electric system work in concert at the lapp time. The circuit board hybrid vehicles will not use your gasoline reserve until the battery is fully vacate .
The one-fourth type of electric fomite is hush very new. It is called a Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV). These vehicles operate by storing hydrogen accelerator in a tank. The fuel cellular telephone then creates electricity by combining hydrogen boast and oxygen from the outside air. The great thing is that they besides do not create any harmful emissions as traditional gasoline vehicles do .
The lone by-product is the water that is created from hydrogen and oxygen and is released through the tailpipe. These vehicles do not need to be plugged in ; however, you will occasionally have to refill your hydrogen tank, which may be difficult to do until this becomes a more democratic tendency. It only takes around five minutes to refill the tank on the fuel cell electric vehicles .
Pros and Cons of Owning an Electric Vehicle
The table below details some common pros and cons to owning an electric vehicle :
|Electric cars are less expensive and require less frequent maintenance than vehicles that run on gasoline.||Electric vehicles are typically more expensive to purchase.|
|Electric vehicles are quieter than gasoline vehicles.||Electric vehicles have a shorter driving distance range than most gas-powered vehicles.|
|Electricity is a renewable source, whereas gasoline is not.||It can be difficult to find a charging station in more rural areas or areas where electric vehicles have not become common yet.|
|Environmentally friendly||Recharging the battery takes a long time.|
|In some states, there are driving lanes made especially for electric vehicles.||There aren’t as many models and designs that consumers have for making their choices.|
|There are tax credits available to those who own electric vehicles. Check with your local government to see what they offer.|
|80% of the energy produced by an electric vehicle is actually used to power the vehicle compared to a gasoline engine that only uses around 15% of the engine’s energy.|
Average Daily Commute Time for Most Americans
It is said that most people spend approximately 50 minutes per day round-trip commute to their places of use. If you base that on a five-day workweek with 52 weeks in a year, it adds up to be around 200 hours per year, which is approximately nine days of sitting in your cable car so that you can get to work .
Another thing to remember is that number does not include any extra outings to fun places, children ’ randomness sporting events, or your regular, mundane errands that need to be taken care of on a weekly footing .
Average Travel Distance Before Charging is Needed
The take after postpone is composed of the makes and models of battery electric vehicles that are sold in the United States today ; they are ranked from the longest distance without a charge to the shortest distance .
|Make/Model||MPGe (Miles Per Gallon Equivalent)||Approximate Distance Can Travel Before Charging|
|Tesla Model S||111||373|
|Tesla Model 3||134||353|
|Tesla Model X||96||328|
|Tesla Model Y||125||326|
|Ford™ Mustang Mach-E||100||300|
|Chevrolet™ Bolt EV||118||259|
|Hyundai™ Kona Electric||120||258|
|Kia™ Niro EV||112||239|
|Audi™ e Tron||78||222|
|Audi e-tron Sportback||77||218|
|Volvo™ XC40 Recharge||79||208|
|Hyundai™ Ioniq Electric||133||170|
Time Spent Charging an Electric Vehicle
The time it takes to charge an electric vehicle depends upon the size of the battery used and the charging station ’ s focal ratio. Charging times can vary greatly from adenine little as 30 minutes to lasting well over 12 hours in many situations .
For case, the Tesla Roadster can take up to 32 hours at home to in full recharge or around 45 minutes when charging at a fast charge station .
The Three Charging Levels for Electric Vehicles
Electric fomite chargers are grouped by the speed at which they recharge ; there are three levels .
Level 1 : This charger uses a even 120v wall socket that you find in your base. Charging your fomite for eight hours will equal approximately 80 miles of traveling distance .
Level 2: This type uses a speciate charge station that runs off of 240v. These are by and large used in workplaces and public charge stations. If you charge your electric fomite for four hours, it will equal approximately 80 miles of traveling distance .
Level 3 / DC Fast Charge: These are special charging stations typically located in public places and pillow stops. Every 30 minutes of charging equals approximately 90 miles of travel distance. Only fully battery electric vehicles are able to use the fast charge systems.
Approximate Charge Time for EV’s in this Article
The table below gives the approximate battery charge clock for each mannequin that was discussed above. charge clock depends on the type of charger the vehicle is able to use .
|Make/Model||Level 1||Level 2||Level 3|
|Tesla Roadster||32 hours||3.5 hours||45 minutes|
|Tesla Model S||96 hours||12 hours||1.3 hours|
|Tesla Model 3||36 hours||8.5 hours||45 minutes|
|Tesla Model X||89 hours||12 hours||1.3 hours|
|Tesla Model Y||20 hours +||1 0 hours||1.25 hours|
|Ford™ Mustang Mach-E||95 hours||14 hours||1.25 hours|
|Chevrolet™ Bolt EV||30 hours +||10 hours||1.25 hours|
|Hyundai™ Kona Electric||40 hours +||10 hours||1.25 hours|
|Volkswagen™ ID.4||50 hours||7.5 hours||1.25 hours|
|Kia™ Niro EV||60 hours||10 hours||1.25 minutes|
|Jaguar™ I-Pace||30 hours||13 hours||1.5 hours|
|Polestar™ 2||32 hours||8 hours||1.5 hours|
|Porsche™ Taycan||31 hours||10 hours||1.5 hours|
|Audi™ e Tron||129 hours||10 hours||1 hour|
|Audi e-Tron Sportback||30 hours||9 hours||30 minutes|
|Volvo™ XC40 Recharge||26 hours||11 hours||1.5 hours|
|Hyundai™ Ioniq Electric||13 hours +||10 hours||1.25 hours|
|BMW™ i3||13 hours +||7 hours||45 minutes|
Determining the Cost to Charge an Electric Vehicle
In arrange to determine how much it costs to charge your electric vehicle, you need to know how much a kilowatt-hour ( kWh ) costs. These costs will vary depending on your geographic location. Your electric bill at home will be able to give you all the information you need to know .
once you know how much a kWh costs you at home, you need to find out how a lot electricity your specific electric vehicle uses to travel 100 miles. You can then use this information to figure out the approximate price to charge your electric vehicle amply.
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For exemplar : If your electricity costs $ 0.13 kWh and your electric fomite uses 33 kWh for every 100 miles it travels, it should cost around $ 9.00 to fully charge your vehicle if it is a fully depleted 66 kWh barrage that can travel a distance of 200 miles .
Best States to Live if You Own an Electric Vehicle
The follow states are listed as the best to live in if you own an electric fomite. This is because the local anesthetic costs of electricity are lower and/or there are more charge stations available. The act of electric vehicles being sold every year in these states is increasing greatly :
- South Dakota
The watch states are listed as being the least electric vehicle-friendly due to the miss of charging stations available :
- New Jersey
Different Ways of Charging at Home
As previously mentioned, there are two main ways of charging your electric vehicle at home. The first and most common way people charge their vehicles is by simply plugging into any regular wall socket that is near where you park your fomite. The home outlet is the slowest and is a level 1 charger .
Most people that own electric vehicles get in the habit of charging their cars overnight. This typically will cover the distance that they drive on a daily basis. For times when you may have to take a longer tripper, many states are now offering charging stations that are available for you to ensure a immediate top-off .
If you are a little less affected role or if you tend to travel longer distances in your electric vehicle, then you may be considering a level 2 charger, which will require a 240V service. You will need to have an electrician audit your surf box to be sure that it can handle this accession and make any necessity adjustments if you do not have enough room for it .
This can be a little costly upfront but will be worth it in the farseeing run if you require a faster charge for your electric vehicle. In some states, you may be able to do your own electrical knead if you have the skills but check with your local politics first to be indisputable. Regardless, you will still have to have it inspected before you get it up and running .
Top 7 PHEV Ranked by Popularity in the US
For those of you who still wish to use gasoline, but possibly get better gas mileage, here are the top seven circuit board hybrid electric vehicles in the United States listed by popularity according to sales :
- Toyota™ Prius Prime
- Honda™ Clarity PHEV
- Ford Fusion Energi
- BMW 530e
- Chevy Volt
- Kia Niro PHEV
- Mitsubishi™ Outlander PHEV
PHEV – Not Economical for Long Distance Drivers
If you have a permute to work that is up to 40 miles per day round trip, you will most probably need to recharge your PHEV every evening. PHEVs are not recommended if you regularly travel long distances .
It defeats the determination of having an electric car because you can lone go about 40 miles on a charge with a PHEV before the burning locomotive kicks in. however, you do save some energy and gas mileage with the regenerative brake system ; but it is not adequate to keep a full charge on your battery .
If you are traveling hundreds of miles on a regular basis, it may be a better option for you to stick to purchasing a fully electric vehicle that can travel a few hundred miles before needing to be charged .
A Little History on Electric Vehicles
Robert Anderson made the foremost electric vehicle in 1832, and the first hybrid electric vehicle was made in 1901 by Ferdinand Porsche .
In 1908 the Ford Model T became democratic, and the gasoline vehicle industry truly took off at that item, which led to the decline in electric cars for many years .
Around 1973, electric vehicles started to make their way back to the automotive industry ’ s movement burner. Electric vehicles have been on a bite of a rollercoaster when it comes to being successful. still, immediately with endlessly improving and evolving engineering, they are promptly becoming the future way of traveling .
Plan Ahead to Prevent Being Stuck Without a Charge
An crucial thing to think about when owning an electric vehicle is that you need to plan your trips a little more carefully before going all willy-nilly and take off on a long road trip. There are a few scenarios to consider .
Think of What Your Typical Daily Driving Needs Are
If you are person who does not drive hanker distances on a daily footing – for example, if you alone have a inadequate daily commute and run casual errands, then you can recharge your vehicle overnight and have batch of available battery charge to do your running for the sidereal day .
If you travel frequently for work or pleasure, you need to know where public charge stations are available and accessible. Most GPS apps will offer an option to create a road that has public charging stations along the manner ; however, as not every state of matter has joined the bandwagon, you need to be sure you can make it between charge points before running out .
If you are on the fence about owning an electric vehicle, something you might want to consider is that in addition to saving money on your gasoline bill, driving an electric vehicle can potentially reduce your carbon footprint by 50 % .
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Electric Vehicles Save Money and Reduce Your Carbon Footprint
If you are an individual who has a daily permute to work and you wish to reduce your carbon paper footprint on the worldly concern, then owning an electric cable car is a great option for you. Whichever model you choose to purchase, you need to plan your trips and be certain that you are fully charged or know where you can stop so you can recharge your car when you need to along the way .