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Business woman working on a tablet sulfur corporations are becoming a democratic choice for small commercial enterprise owners. An south pot is a tax status that a limited liability company ( LLC ) or C corporation can choose if they qualify. For an LLC, S pot condition could save the owners thousands on self-employment taxes. For C corporations, it ’ s a way to avoid the “ bivalent tax income ” that most corporations must pay .
Before you can apply with the IRS for S pot status, you ’ ll have to establish either an LLC or a pot, if you haven ’ triiodothyronine already done so. We ’ ll foremost walk you through the steps for forming either of these business entities and then show you how to apply to become an mho corporation .
If you ’ re still new to the concept of S corporations and how they could potentially benefit your business, you can first read up on what an randomness corporation is .

How to Form an S Corporation

Before you can choose an S corporation appellation, you must incorporate or form your clientele at the state level first. Every state is different, but this is the information you ’ ll necessitate, no count which submit you live in .

Step 1. Choose your business name

Most LLCs or corporations must include a bodied identifier in their names, such as Corporation ( Corp. ), Incorporated ( Inc. ), LLC, etc. The allow identifiers will sometimes vary by state of matter. Some businesses besides choose a Doing Business As ( DBA ) name they use as a trade name. This is to notify the populace in cases where the trade wind name differs from its legal name .
When choosing a name, you must check to make certain the name is available. You can look up whether a name is available on the state ’ sulfur Secretary of State web site in most states. If the name is taken, the state may reject your file. If you ’ ve settled on a name but aren ’ triiodothyronine ready to officially register a business with your country, consider reserving the name, so it ’ s available late. And because an on-line presence is substantive these days, you should besides secure a knowledge domain name for your web site. ZenBusiness has great insights to offer your company along with commodious solutions .

Step 2. Choose a registered agent

Corporations and LLCs must have a read agentive role, sometimes known as an agent for service of march, to receive legal notices and parallelism from the state agency overseeing business formation. The registered agentive role must be available at a physical location within the charge submit that ’ randomness open during regular business hours throughout the year. ZenBusiness helps occupation owners fulfill their requirements for a registered agent .

Step 3. File formation documents

For your occupation to be legally recognized, you must file Articles of Incorporation, Articles of Formation, or whatever imprint is necessity for your express. Check with your department of state agency for detail instructions. Required information typically includes :

  • A business name
  • A registered agent’s name and address
  • A business address
  • The name, address, and signature of the members (LLC) or board of directors (corporation)

Remember — even when your formation document is approved, it isn ’ t formally recognized as an S corporation for tax purposes. You must file a shape with the IRS .

Step 4. Draft and adopt corporate bylaws or an operating agreement

bodied bylaws and operating agreements ( LLC ) are the rules that guide the process of your occupation. All corporations and LLCs should have bylaws or an operational agreement, flush if the state does not legally require it, to ensure proper administration. Learn more about operate on agreements and corporate bylaws and how ZenBusiness can help .

Step 5. File for business permits and licenses

once your business structure is in target, you need to acquire the correctly business permits and licenses on union, local, and state of matter levels. Some states and localities besides require a general clientele license to conduct business at all .
Given all this, it can be unmanageable to determine precisely what licenses and permits you need to operate legally as an S Corp, given there ’ s no one-stop localization to check for all of them. To make sure you ’ re up to go steady and have all the proper licenses and permits, use our business license report service .

Step 6. Get your Employer Identification Number (EIN)

now it ’ s time to get your Employer Identification Number ( EIN ), which the IRS uses to identify your corporation .
You need an EIN for tasks such as opening a bodied bank history, paying income taxes, and hiring staff. These should be completed under the umbrella of your corporation to keep everything offprint from the owners .
You can secure an EIN on-line, and ZenBusiness makes the summons childlike .
For more complete information on how to form a corporation, visit our pot geological formation page. If you are looking to form an LLC, check out ZenBusiness ’ s LLC constitution page .
What Is an sulfur pot ? Whether you ’ ra freelance or seeking information to form a company, you have to decide how to organize it .
There are a lot of different business structures, each with different approaches to indebtedness and government. To learn more about other types of clientele structures, check out our comparison foliate. If you have one in take care but are intimidated by the work, see how ZenBusiness products and services can help you .
Most business entities like corporations are distinct legal entities, existing individually from their owners and operators. This includes how the company is taxed. One of the more normally misunderstood union taxation schemes is the S corporation. In this guide, we ’ ll provide an overview of what an s corporation is, how it ’ s tax, and how this appellation can affect your clientele. Let ’ s take a closer look at the Subchapter S corporation, known as an S corporation .

Choosing Between S Corporation and C Corporation

You may have heard references to C corporations and S corporations, but are not quite sure what their differences are, or even if there are any. First off, S corporation and C corps aren ’ t particular entity types, but tax classifications defined and approved by the Internal Revenue Service ( IRS ). The primary remainder between the two is how each pays federal income taxes .

  • Income from C corps is taxed at both corporate and personal levels, creating “double taxation.”
  • An S corp election is popular for smaller businesses because corporate income isn’t taxed until after distributing to shareholders, referred to as a pass-through entity.

When you apply for an Employer Identification Number ( EIN ), the IRS mechanically classifies your commercial enterprise entity based on the entity ’ south type and size .
The IRS ’ sulfur default classification for all corporations is C corporation, and it will stay that way unless you specifically file the correct mannequin to change your tax condition. however, if you think an S corporation is a better tax structure for your commercial enterprise, get ready to dive into some paperwork. Corporations already have nonindulgent tax report and complaisance requirements, and an S corporation election means more of the lapp .
finally, it is crucial to note that the IRS may tax S and C corporations differently, but on a state flat both are formed and referred to just as corporations .

How does an S corporation classification work?

Upon formation and registration with the IRS, your commercial enterprise is given a default tax classification. For corporations this means a C corporation classification, for LLCs either a partnership categorization or a neglect entity ( exclusive proprietorship ). For those who formed their clientele as a pot, it will be considered a C corporation until you file form 2553 asking the IRS for a status change to an S corporation.

S Corp status requirements

To qualify for S pot tax condition, the requirements are :

  • Only one class of stock can be issued.
  • Shareholders are limited to 100.
  • Shareholders must be U.S. residents, estates, trusts, and tax-exempt organizations.
  • Must be a domestic business entity.

S corps are treated as pass-through entities, meaning the corporation ’ s income is taxed lone at the stockholder flush. The shareholders pay taxes at their personal income rate .
This doesn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate mean the pot is wholly off the hook shot — S corporation must file IRS Form 1120S : U.S. Income Tax Return for an S Corporation and possibly state tax forms as well ; not all states recognize the S corporation condition for state income taxes. Although S corporation may not pay federal income taxes on corporate profits, they may be capable to tax from built-in gains and passive income .

LLCs and S Corps: Organization and Ownership

An LLC is easier to form and gives more flexibility with possession than corporations. The LLC ’ s owners — known as members — may be individuals, corporations, and foreign entities. In a corporation, ownership rights are divided amongst its shareholders .
Forming an LLC is not a involved as incorporation is. The flexibility and control this entity gives its members combined with personal indebtedness protections is why the LLC is the most popular entity type in most states .
however, transferring ownership in corporations is easier than in LLCs. Shares in a corporation can be sold to any eligible investor, although this is subject to potential limitations in the bylaw or stockholder agreements. In an LLC, the process is much more involved .

Pros and Cons of an S corp Designation

We ’ ve covered a bunch of information — lease ’ s do a quick summary of an S pot ’ mho advantages vs. disadvantages before moving on .


  • Owners of an S corp don’t have to pay self-employment taxes on all profits, just the portion they use to pay themselves a salary.
  • There’s a flexible ownership structure because shares can be sold without affecting the corporate entity.
  • Income, deductions, and credits can be passed on to shareholders for taxation at a personal rate.


  • Corporations must meet many legal and reporting requirements, which can be costly to set up and maintain.
  • There are restrictions on the type of stock issued and who or what can hold them.

File for S corp tax status

Congratulations ! once you ’ ve got your EIN, you ’ re ready to take the final step to designate your company as an S corporation. Remember, the IRS considers your pot a C corporation unless you complete and file imprint 2553, Election by a Small Business Corporation .
To complete this form, you need the accept of all shareholders or LLC members. It can be submitted in the tax class preceding the class it takes effect or up to two months and 15 days into that tax year. The IRS should let you know within 60 days if the status exchange is approved .

Need more information to start your business?

In this overview, you ’ ve learned that there ’ s a set of paperwork and complaisance required when starting an mho pot. ZenBusiness can make forming your corporation stress-free, so you can devote prison term to building a boom business. Contact a ZenBusiness technical today to learn how our solutions can get your corporation off to the best possible starting signal .
disavowal : The content on this page is for informational purposes only, and does not constitute legal, tax, or account advice. If you have specific questions about any of these topics, seek the guidance of a license master .

S Corp FAQs

  • What does the S in S corporation stand for ? The S stands for Subchapter S. This is the section of the Internal Revenue Code that governs S corporations. More specifically, it ’ randomness Chapter 1, Subchapter S — Tax Treatment of S Corporations and Their Shareholders. If you ’ rhenium not certain what an S corporation is, we address it in our objet d’art What is an S Corp ?
  • Can I change from an LLC to an S corporation ? Yes, your company will still remain an LLC, but it can be taxed as an S corp. To request that the IRS taxes your LLC income as an S pot revert, you need to complete two forms. First, complete kind 8832, Entity Classification Election, which asks the IRS to classify your business as a corporation for federal tax information. then, file form 2553, Election by a Small Business Corporation, to be treated as an S corporation alternatively of an LLC .
  • Can I change from a C corporation to an S corporation ? If you decide to change to an S corporation, you need to file kind 2553, Election by a Small Business Corporation, with the IRS. The instructions for the shape are on the IRS web site. The form must be signed by a corporate officeholder with the written accept of all shareholders. once this is approved by the IRS, you must file your last C corporation tax come back by the due date. The IRS finalizes the change once it receives your beginning S corporation tax render .
  • Can an S corporation have a single owner ? Yes. An S corporation must issue a minimum of one share, so there may be one owner .
  • Can an LLC choose S corporation tax ? Short answer: Yes. The limited liability company ( LLC ) is one of the newest and most popular business entity forms in many states. Unlike S corporation classification, the LLC refers to the occupation structure itself, which can be taxed in a act of unlike ways. With an S corporation election, the LLC ’ s profits and losses flow through the entity to its members, who pay personal income tax on earnings .
  • Why would an LLC choose to be taxed like an S Corp ? Short Answer: LLC owners can lower their self-employment taxes if certain requirements are met .
    By default, an LLC is taxed as a pass-through entity, merely as a sole proprietorship or general partnership. That means LLC owners pay self-employment taxes ( about 15.3 % ) on all profits. This is more than the taxes you would pay when working for person else because your employer would pay separate of them .
    rather of paying self-employment taxes on all their profits, owners of an S corporation can pay themselves a wage and only pay self-employment taxes on that wage ; the owners then avoid paying self-employment taxes on the remaining profits. This can save the S corporation owners a substantial amount of money on self-employment taxes .
    however, the IRS expects you to pay yourself at least a “ reasonable ” wage so that you ’ ll still pay something in self-employment taxes. After all, paying yourself an annual wage of $ 0.01 would mean the IRS wouldn ’ thymine get any self-employment taxes from you for Social Security and Medicare.

  • What ‘s the difference between LLCs and S Corps ? S corps are tax filings, while LLCs are occupation entities. You can learn all about LLCs v. S Corps, including key differences .

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