What is a second mortgage?
When you take a second mortgage, you borrow from the equity you ’ ve built up in your home — in other words, the remainder between the value of your home and the remaining symmetry on your inaugural mortgage. Homeowners typically access equity by taking a home equity loanword or a family equity line of credit ( HELOC. ) “ A second mortgage is simply using an existing mortgaged property to borrow money from a fiscal institution, ” says Jim Houston, managing film director of consumer lending and automotive finance at J.D. Power. “ This new mortgage is considered ‘ second ’ because the property has a basal or ‘ first ’ mortgage already established, normally for the original buy. ” You can use funds from a second mortgage for a variety show of purposes. Some of the most common uses of second mortgages include consolidating other debts ( particularly high-interest recognition cards ) and financing base improvements or repairs .
How does a second mortgage work?
To obtain a second mortgage, you typically need to do the same things you do to qualify for a elementary mortgage. The process includes submitting an application to a lender and providing documentation regarding your income, debts and more. You may besides need to get an appraisal to confirm the value of your home. fairness requirements vary, but many lenders prefer that you have at least 15 percentage to 20 percentage equity in your home. You can typically borrow up to 85 percentage of your home ’ sulfur value, minus your current mortgage debts. If you have a home worth $ 300,000 and $ 200,000 remaining on your mortgage, for case, you might be able to borrow a much as $ 55,000 through a moment mortgage : ( $ 300,000 x 0.85 ) – $ 200,000 .
Types of second mortgages
People who wish to take out second mortgages normally choose between home equity loans or home fairness lines of credit. here ’ s a look at each of these finance options .
Home equity loan
A home equity loanword is financing you receive in a erstwhile hunk kernel. You secure the loanword with the fairness in your home and repay the loan at a fixed matter to rate, meaning your payment will remain the same every month. The rate you get with a home equity loanword will vary based on your credit, but it is possible to get a base fairness loanword with bad credit. refund terms for home fairness loans frequently range between five and 30 years. If you don ’ thyroxine repay the loanword as match, the lender can foreclose on your home to try to recoup its losses .
- Advantages: One of the benefits of a home equity loanword is that it comes with a repair interest pace, unlike HELOCs which typically have a variable matter to rate. A fixed-rate gives you stability from month to month in knowing what your monthly payments will be. Home fairness loans besides come with hanker refund terms, which besides contribute to the affordability of monthly payments .
- Disadvantages: Taking out a home equity lend requires using your home as collateral, meaning if you fall behind on payments or are unable to repay the lend wholly, you risk losing your family .
- Best for: A home equity lend is by and large a effective theme for those who have a stable source of income that can be relied upon to repay the loanword .
The bottom line: A home equity loanword comes with relatively broken pastime rates and a fixed monthly requital. You receive all of the money upfront and pay it back, with interest, over prison term .
Home equity line of credit (HELOC)
Home equity lines of credit are similar to credit cards but are secured with your home equity. With a HELOC, you can borrow money, repay it and use the credit line to borrow money again. As with credit cards, concern rates on HELOCs are variable. “ With a HELOC, you can borrow a much or vitamin a little as you need, whenever you need it, up to a credit specify established at closure, ” says Michelle McLellan, senior product management executive at Bank of America. “ As you repay your great libra, the sum of available credit is replenished, which means you can borrow against it again, if needed, throughout your draw period. ” A HELOC ’ second draw period is typically up to 10 years. During the draw period, you may only be required to pay matter to on the funds used ( depending on the finance terms ).
once the draw period ends, there ’ s a repayment phase with HELOCs — sometimes equally long as 20 years. During the refund phase, you must pay both principal and concern. monthly payments can rise importantly during this period. Again, if you don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate give as promised, the lender may foreclose on your property .
- Advantages: The advantage of taking a HELOC is that you can borrow lone the amount of money you actually need. This in turn keeps monthly payments lower for disciplined borrowers. HELOCs besides offer very competitive interest rates .
- Disadvantages: Unlike home fairness loans, HELOCs frequently come with a variable interest rate, which can cause some unpredictability during repayment. In addition, HELOCs use your family as collateral, which can be hazardous if you fail to repay the debt .
- Best for: Because HELOCs typically lone require interest-only payments during the draw time period, it ’ randomness easy to get in over your head and spend more than you can afford. HELOCs are best for disciplined borrowers who will not risk borrowing more money than they can repay .
The bottom line: A HELOC besides lets you entree the equity in your home, but you ’ re charged concern only on the amount that you ’ ve borrowed. This can be a great choice if you ’ ra not indisputable precisely how much of your equity you ’ re looking to borrow. Use our HELOC wages calculator to see if this option makes sense for you .
Common uses for a second mortgage
Some common uses of irregular mortgages are to pay for :
- College education expenses
- Consolidation of higher-interest debt, such as credit cards
- Home improvements
- Medical bills
Some borrowers use second base mortgages to buy an investment property. This can be hazardous, as a downturn in the house marketplace could lower the value of both properties .
Should I get a second mortgage?
Before you take out a second mortgage, consider the risks to make sure this type of financing will work well for your situation. The best reason to get a second mortgage is to use the money to increase the value of your home. Using the money from a second mortgage to improve your base ’ sulfur value can maintain the fairness you have in your home. Plus, if you use a second mortgage to buy, build or well improve the home you use to secure the loan, the sake may be tax deductible. If you ’ re thinking about getting a second gear mortgage to buy a car, pay up for a vacation or purchase other luxuries, you should be careful. The equity in your home is one of your most important assets — think doubly ahead using it for these types of expenses .
Requirements for applying
If you ’ ve weighed the pros and cons of a home equity loanword or HELOC and are ready to move forth, you ’ ll want to start by making indisputable you have equity in your home. generally, you must have at least 15 percentage to 20 percentage fairness in your home, meaning your remaining mortgage makes up no more than 85 percentage of the home ’ s sum value. adjacent, check your credit scores and reports before applying for a loanword, and dispute any credit-reporting mistakes you discover. You ’ ll besides want to gather all of your paperwork, such as pay stub, tax returns and bank statements .
Where to find second mortgage rates
It ’ s a good idea to shop around. A local bank or credit union is a thoroughly identify to start, but be certain to get quotes from respective lenders, including on-line lenders, and compare them in detail. You can browse Bankrate ’ mho lists of the best home equity loanword rates and the best HELOC rates .
Frequently asked questions
What is the difference between a home equity loan and a second mortgage?
Both home equity loans and HELOCs are considered second mortgages and are secured by a spleen on your family .
Are second mortgage rates higher than first mortgage rates?
second mortgage rates are likely to be higher than first mortgage rates plainly because the lender with the second mortgage will be second in trace to be paid should you fall into foreclosure. however, second mortgage rates silent may be lower than rates on unguaranteed debt like personal loans or credit cards.
Read more: When Can You File Taxes? | H&R Block
Is it better to get a home equity loan or refinance?
The choice between a dwelling equity lend and refinance depends on your fiscal circumstances. A cash-out refinance replaces the first mortgage on your home with a new mortgage that ’ s more than the current outstanding debt on your home. You then receive the remainder between the existing mortgage and the new mortgage in a erstwhile collocate total. This option may be best for person who has a senior high school matter to rate on a first mortgage and wants to take advantage of lower interest rates. A home fairness line of recognition may be a better option in situations where the homeowner has ongoing fiscal needs, such as recurring tuition payments or a serial of home update projects, and wants to keep drawing money as needed. It ’ second besides a better choice if you already have a effective rate on your mortgage .