# Paying Self-Employment Tax | H&R Block

If you ’ rhenium freelance, you obtain Social Security and Medicare coverage through the payment of self employment tax .

## What are self-employment taxes?

Self-employment tax is a tax consist of Social Security and Medicare taxes chiefly for individuals who work for themselves. It is alike to the Social Security and Medicare taxes withheld from the pay of most engage earners .

## How do you determine self-employment taxes?

Self-employment taxes are figured on Schedule SE .
Do you have questions about your self-employment taxes? Check out our Guide to Gig Worker Taxes .

## Who must file self-employment taxes?

If your net earnings from self-employment equal \$ 400 or more, you must do both of these :

• File Schedule SE
• Pay self-employment tax

This is true regardless of your long time, and even if you ’ re receiving Social Security benefits .
You ’ re considered freelance if you own your own occupation or the company you work for classifies you as an independent contractor. Because tax is normally not withheld from self-employment income ( nonemployee compensation ), you ’ re required to make estimate tax payments during the year to cover your union income tax and self-employment tax .

## What is the self-employment tax rate?

For 2021, the self-employment tax rate is normally 15.3 %. The rate is made up of both of these :

• 12.4% Social Security tax
• 2.9% Medicare tax

For 2021, the maximum sum subject to Social Security tax is \$ 118,500. however, all self-employment income in excess of \$ 400 is topic to Medicare tax .
To figure net earnings from self-employment, multiply your final business profit by 92.35 %. You use this share since an employee is lone ask to pay one of these :

• 1/2 of Social Security and Medicare taxes
• 7.65% of wage income

A freelance individual must pay “ both halves, ” or 15.3 %. so, the law equalizes the tax load by reducing the income subjugate to tax by 7.65 %. hera ’ s the formula :
100 % – 7.65 % = 92.35 %
You can deduct the employer helping of your self-employment tax as an adjustment to income on form 1040. The amount you can deduct is normally 1/2 of the employer parcel. This decreases your taxable income and, as a consequence, your federal income tax .

## What happens if you don’t pay self-employment tax?

farad you don ’ metric ton pay self-employment tax, you could run into issues. In fact, taxpayers sometimes don ’ t understand this rule, and end up with a notice from the IRS .
Learn how to address an IRS CP2000 notice.

## Get more help

Have a side business? Take master of your taxes and get every citation and subtraction you deserve. file with H & R Block Online Deluxe ( if you have no expenses ) or H & R Block Online Premium ( if you have expenses ) .
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